Bangalore, lying in the southernmost part of Karnataka, is counted amongst the top tourist destinations of India. During their Bangalore tour, people get a wonderful chance to explore different tourist hotspots, such as Cubbon Park, Lalbagh Botanical Garden, Hampi and Nandi Hills. All these landmarks provide an insight into the rich cultural heritage of this region. In addition to these places, there are several magnificent forts and royal palaces in this capital city. Some of them are the Bangalore Palace, Devanahalli Fort and Tipu Sultan Fort.
Bangalore Palace was constructed in the year 1887, during the reign of King Chamaraja Wodeyar from the famous Wodeyar dynasty. This structure is regarded as the finest examples of Tudor architecture that are present in India. The architecture of this palace resembles medieval castles, which were built in England and Norway. Right from the day of its construction, the building has been receiving appreciation for its wooden carvings and verdant gardens. Travellers are drawn towards its imposing towers, battlements and foiled windows. The main building of this sprawling mansion is spread across an area of 45000 sq. ft. Major portions of this palatial structure are constructed using wood that reflect the distinguished woodwork and paintings of olden times.
The palatial complex has granite seats, which are designed using fluorescent blue ceramic tiles. In the courtyard of the structure, there is a ballroom, which was used for private parties. On the first floor, there lies an ornate room known as the Durbar Hall. As per records, it was the hall from where the king used to address his subjects. Inside the room, there are several exquisite paintings adorning its walls. Moreover, the huge windows of this hall are beautifully decorated with stunning stained glasses. They have partitions of veils, through which ladies sitting on the other side used to watch the proceedings.
This property has an elaborate gallery, where photographs of viceroys and kings are displayed along with impressive artworks and artefacts. The palace premises have several other antiques and attractions, which include a fountain gifted by the king of Spain, coat of arms, a chair used for weighing jockeys and a dining table owned by the erstwhile Diwan of Mysore.
Tipu Sultan Fort
This fort, popularly known as the Bangalore Fort, is a glorious reminder of the past. As per available records, it was built in the year 1537 by the founder of the capital, Kempe Gowda. Later, it was reconstructed and expanded by Tipu Sultan, who was an influential emperor from the Mysore kingdom. During the castle exploration, visitors get to see beautiful Islamic artworks. Earlier, there were several gates guarding the castle but at present only one is left. This two-storey structure, constructed of teak wood, is known for its beautifully adorned arches, pillars, gardens and balconies. Walls and roofs of this fortress are adorned with colourful floral motifs. Tourists can opt for family holiday packages, which include an insightful tour to this fort.
The state of Karnataka lies in the south-west region of India and is among the largest states of the country in terms of land area. This place is surrounded by Arabian and Lakshadweep Sea at west, Andhra Pradesh at east, Maharashtra at north and Tamilnadu at south-west. The region has been under the dominance of some of the most influential kingdoms of the nation, such as Hoysala, Vijayanagra and Chalukya empires. Recent past saw parts of Karnataka being ruled by Nizams of Hyderabad and then the British. Each of these kingdoms left an influence in the architecture, cuisine, culture and tradition of the state and the same can still be witnessed in the area. Tourists on Karnataka holidays can get a deep insight about the rich legacy of the state by visiting few historically significant sites of the region. These attractions are spread across the state and receive a substantial amount of travelers each year.
Lal Bagh Botanical Garden is a prominent tourist attraction in the southern region of Bangalore. The place is famous for housing numerous floral species that are endemic as well as exotic. Initially, it was developed as a 40-acre private garden by the king of old Mysore, Hyder Ali in 1760, and later expansion was carried out by his son – Tipu Sultan and Britishers during their rule. This location was entitled the Government Botanical Garden during mid- 18th century, and since then it has been among the most significant horticulture centres of India.
The place comprises well-laid pathways, open spaces and a glass house that is considered the jewel of the garden. This structure was constructed in 1889 to commemorate Prince of Wales, during his visit to the region.
The layout of this complex is derived from the Crystal Palace, which is located in England. It was built with an intention to acclimatise several exotic plant species that were assembled from various parts of the world. At present, this glass complex is the venue of bi-annual flower show, which is held on the Republic Day and Independence Day.
There are a few places of interest inside Lal Bagh that can be explored by tourists. Some of these are the statue of Sri Chamaraja Wodeyar, deer paddock, pigeon house, aviary, aquarium building and Kempegowda Tower. This garden is under the supervision of Directorate of Horticulture, Karnataka Government. It regularly conducts several educational seminars and conferences, where discussions over the economical, ornamental and environmental values of plants are held. This location remains open throughout the year and its entry timings are from 6 am to 7 pm.
The garden along with all its significant buildings can be accessed through four gates, and this destination can be easily reached from any part of the city. Holidaymakers on Bangalore vacation can opt for local means of transportation to reach the spot, after de-boarding their respective flights or trains. It is advisable to plan for a sojourn to this location during the flower show, when the entire garden is infused with the sweet fragrance of various kinds of flowers.