Over the years, the one-horned rhinos have been hunted mercilessly for their valuable keratin horns. These have been used for ages in traditional Chinese medicine, and they are also utilised to make decorative handles for knives and daggers. Most of these animals are now found in the Indian state of Assam, where they are now protected by the government. Tourists can see and learn about them by going on a Kaziranga tour. The national park is located in the districts of Nagaon and Golaghat in the north-central part of the state. Below are overviews of 5 important aspects of the national park that will come in handy while exploring it.
History, Terrain and Climate
It was founded originally as a reserve forest by the British in 1908, and in 1916, it was given the status of a wildlife sanctuary. The Indian Government made it a national park in 1974, and in 2006, it became a tiger reserve. When travellers explore the protected territory during Kaziranga tours, they will see dense forests, interspersed with grasslands and marshes. The topography of the area is not rugged, and the elevation here ranges from about 130 feet to approximately 260 feet. Kaziranga National Park is spread across the northern and southern banks of the Brahmaputra River.
The climate in the region is classified as Humid Subtropical, making the summers warm and humid. A high amount of rainfall is experienced here during the monsoon season, making it among the wettest regions on earth. The ideal time to embark on a Kaziranga tour is in the cool and dry winter season, between November and April.
Vegetation and Wildlife
Savannah grasslands, moist deciduous forests and evergreen forests are found in this roughly 868 sq km protected territory. The savannah vegetation in the region comprises a variety of grasses, bamboos and reeds. Cotton, gooseberry and slow match tree are some deciduous species found here. Pithraj, magnolia, elephant apple, fig, cinnamon, grape-myrtle, temple plant and tropical chestnuts are few of the evergreen plants of the tiger reserve. During their Kaziranga tours, wildlife enthusiasts will be able to see several large animals other than rhinos as well.
The largest animals here are buffaloes and elephants, followed by leopards and tigers. Several species of deer, including the endemic eastern swamp deer, may also be seen here. Some other animals of the park are boars, mongooses, hares, badgers, langurs, macaques, gibbons, gaur, squirrels and dolphins. Birdwatchers also like coming here as the territory provides home to over 470 species of migratory and resident winged creatures. Many kinds of boa constrictors, venomous snakes, tortoises and turtles also live in the region.
On a Kaziranga tour, visitors will be accompanied by guides, who will teach them in detail about these 5 aspects of the national park.