Viewing the Agricultural Life of the Past in the Chitra Museum

Located on the significant western edge of India is the famous state of Goa. Stories about the region go right back to the Hindu texts. Parashurama, Saptarshi and Shiva have been mentioned as living here at some point of their lives. The discovery of rock paintings in Usgalimal has proved the existence of humans in the region in 30000 BC. By 2400 BC, the Aryans from North India had settled in the area. They are believed to have communicated in the Prakrita form of Sanskrit. About two centuries later, the Sumerians came for trade and started living here. From 7th century BC to 16th century AD, Goa was under many kingdoms, which ruled various parts of India. The Portuguese occupied it in 1500 till 1961, when it was liberated by the Indian Army. It is a major tourist destination in the country and Goa tour packages can be planned to visit its attractions like museums, wildlife parks, beaches and cathedrals.


Chitra Museum

Chitra Museum

Chitra Museum


The Chitra Museum, in the village of Benaulim, is dedicated to the agricultural practises and techniques of the state. It aims at educating people about the agrarian life of the region in the past. The methods used by farmers of yore were simple and caused no harm to the environment. Another objective of the establishment is to reintroduce many of these farming methods, which have disappeared in due course of time. The design and structure of the property is itself of deep thought. It is built with materials found within 5 km radius of the site. Things like doors, windows and other furniture from demolished homes are used in its construction. The whole area was reconstructed in the form of a typical Goan village, including the farms and water bodies. The pond is used for breeding fish and for irrigating the fields situated here. A biogas plant and vermicompost pit have also been constructed to save on fossil fuels and chemical fertilizers, which pollute the soil and air.

The exhibition showcases objects used by people in the area, before electricity made their jobs easier. One section displays tools used for sowing, harvesting, cutting, trimming, crop-processing and irrigating the farms. Another gallery has utensils used to store metals, timber and grains. Weighing scales used by grocers and vessels used to measure water, oils and grains are also showcased here. A walk through a long passage allows visitors to see vehicles like bullock and horse carts, palanquins and carriages. People practised a variety of professions in olden times that are also represented by the site. Objects used by carpenters, cobblers, goldsmiths, tailors, masons, blacksmiths and barbers are kept here. A separate area is dedicated to traditional Goan arts and crafts. Shown in this section are pottery, stone sculptures, cane work and tapestries.

Other Things to Do Here

Traditional costumes and musical instruments can be seen in the Tulsi zone. Apart from these, it has a kitchen, a juice counter and an audio-visual room. In another zone, musical performances by various artists and bands are held. Freshly harvested crops can be bought at the air-conditioned store.


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