Goa is the smallest Indian state, located in the south-western region of the country. It is guarded by the Arabian Sea in the west and Karnataka in the east, north and south. It was under the Dutch and Portuguese rule, influence of whom still reverberates throughout the region. The state may be small in area, but is significantly big in terms of tourism, which is the biggest industry here. In the year 2011, almost 7 percent of tourists, who came to India, went to Goa. Beaches are the prime reason behind the huge influx of tourists, with new year celebrations and seaside parties associated with them seeing huge gatherings of people. Apart from beaches, there are many Dutch and Portuguese monuments, which are prominent attractions here. Some of the best wildlife hotspots such as Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary are also situated here. Goa tour packages are required to be retaken in order to enjoy all the charms of the state.
Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary
This sanctuary is situated in the Sanguem taluk of Goa. It lies in the Western Ghats and is spread over an area of 240 square kilometres. The government labelled it a protected area in 1969 and in 1978, a 107 square kilometres chunk of it was named Mollem National Park. The region has a subtropical climate and the vegetation is mostly evergreen. Tall trees grow close to one another and the canopy, when viewed from above, looks green throughout. Almost the entire land is covered with trees and the grass cover is quite scarce.
A whopping 722 species of flowering plants are found in the national park that belong to 122 different families. Around 128 species of plants are endemic to the area. However, the main reason for people to come here is its rich wildlife diversity. Mammals found here include panthers, deer, tigers, langurs, squirrels and wild boar. Apart from these, porcupines, wild dogs, civets and gaurs also inhabit the sanctuary. Hornbills, mynas, bulbuls, woodpeckers and doves are among the different kind of birds people can see here. Butterflies are also abundant here, with common jezebel, crimson rose and jay being among the major species.
This hotspot is well-known for its serpents and is a paradise for snake lovers and herpetologists. King cobras, kraits, Russell viper and saw-scaled viper are found here in large numbers. Other poisonous serpents include malabar pit-viper, hump-nosed viper and cat snake. Its constrictors include rat snake and Indian rock python.
More Things Worth Seeing
A 12th-century temple, dedicated to the Hindu Lord Shiva, is situated in the northeast of the aforementioned park. It is built in the traditional Jain architectural style and has a sanctum and hall with four pillars. Carvings of elephants are done on the pillars while the roof is inscribed with images of lotus. Images of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Lakshmi, Saraswati and Parvati adorn the walls of the shrine. Dudhsagar Waterfalls in the south-western section also attract vast numbers of tourists. It is a multi-tiered fall, with a railway bridge built between the tiers. Tambdi is another set of waterfalls, which can be visited by people. Picking holiday packages India, which get travellers to this amazing biodiversity hotspot, is a great idea.