Goa is one of the smallest states of India consisting mainly of coastal regions and beautiful beaches. The land is surrounded by the Arabian Sea on the west and Sahyadri Mountains on the east. An amalgamation of various ethnicities and cultures in a small region is a noted fact of the state. Several rivers, gleaming sand beaches and splendid destinations make the place charming. This state attracts thousands of domestic and international tourists throughout the year, who visit the place during a Goa tour. This coastal land houses some of the most spectacular churches in the country holding cultural and historical prominence.
Basilica of Bom Jesus
Basilica of Bom Jesus, also called the Bom Jesus Basilica is a famous religious structure in the region. The remains of St. Francis Xavier are sanctified in a silver casket in this structure, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is known for its exquisite elegance and celebrates the legend of infant Jesus. The structure displays fine Jesuit architecture and it is the only unplastered church in old Goa. Built in late 16th century, this place was consecrated by Archbishop of Goa. The edifice comprises many intricate styles like Doric, composite and Corinthian designs done on black granite and basalt.
Tourists entering the premises can find an altar of St. Anthony on the left and a wooden, beautifully carved statue of St. Francis Xavier on the right. The northern wall in the middle contains cenotaph of Dom Jeronimo Mascarenhas, the patroniser of this church. Portuguese and Latin inscriptions, mentioning the dates of beginning and consecration of the edifice, is also found inside. The southern wall contains densely carved pulpit, which is surrounded by the holy figure of Jesus, the four doctors and four evangelists of the church on three sides, respectively. Two long sides contain a gallery made to be used by dignitaries on important occasions.
The richly beautified main altar contains revered figures of infant Jesus and St. Ignatius Loyola. The images of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost are also present. Casket of St. Xavier is another intricately carved piece found inside the church. Lovely portraits and images of various saints and a golden rose sanctified by Pope Pius XII are other valuable relics of the structure. The overall layout inside the Basilica is casually done; yet, it proves to be an elegant watch for visitors.
The Professed House
The Professed House is a two storied structure, positioned adjacent to the Basilica. Built with the purpose of being exercised by the ministries of the society, this edifice was used to plan Jesuit missions to eastern regions. It is a laterite building externally covered with lime plaster that was built before the Basilica church. This tranquil site remains open throughout the week and is easily reachable from all major adjoining parts of Goa, through well-connected routes. All popular travel portals provide tourists with such family and honeymoon packages, which are sure to be a delightful experience.