India is a remarkable holiday destination, which earns a considerable amount of fame for its culture, history and traditions. It is the birthplace of many religions and has been ruled by several clans over its sprawling timeline. The religious roots and influences of various dynasties are reflected in the splendid architecture of various edifices, which are dotted across the country. Indian architecture evolved during the various phases of history and incorporated elements from various other architectures. Some of the common building styles adopted in several historical structures of the country are Mughal, Dravidian, Buddhist, Tibetan, Indo-Saracenic Revival and Hindu Temple architectures. From the north to south and east to west, there is a multitude of historical and religious buildings, which depict the architectural achievements of the nation. Indian tour packages focus on this significant aspect of the heritage of the country.
Region-wise Distribution of Monuments
The northern part of this country is known for the heavy influence of Mughal and Tibetan architectural styles. While cities like Delhi, Agra and Lucknow are known for their Mughal-era buildings, Kashmir earns fame for the presence of Tibetan monasteries in Leh and Ladakh. Taj Mahal is the most remarkable monument amongst its contemporaries as it stands as a symbol of eternal love and fine craftsmanship. Red Fort, Buland Darwaza and Bada Imambara are some other monuments of the medieval era. Architectural gems in Kashmir include monasteries like Likir, Hemis, Alchi and Thiksey.
Dravidian architectural landmarks dominate the southern region of India. Most of these are grand temples dedicated to various Hindu deities. Some popular temples of South India that were built using this style of construction are Meenakshi Amman, Pattadakal, Brihadeeswara, Virupaksha and Mahabalipuram Shore Temples. Another notable style followed in the south was Indo-Saracenic, which is evident from the beautiful palaces of Mysore.
The east is known for its diversity of styles adopted in the construction of edifices. While Kolkata is known for its colonial structures like Victoria Memorial and Fort William, Orissa earns recognition for its ancient temples like Konark and Lingaraja. Ruins of the ancient and reputed Nalanda University of Bihar remind of its heydays during the Gupta period. Any holiday package in India can be customised for knowing about these heritage sites in a better way.
On moving towards the west of this nation, tourists get a chance to explore a wide variety of monuments and landmarks, which incorporate different architectural styles. Known for its intricate latticework, the Gateway of India is an example of modern architecture. On the contrary, the Ajanta and Ellora groups of caves have an ancient origin and influences. Portuguese architecture can also be seen, especially in the majestic churches of Goa. A fine exemplary of medieval fort architecture can be seen in the magnificent citadels of Maharashtra, most of which are related to Shivaji. The stepwells and palaces dotted across Gujarat speak of its architectural heritage during various courses of time.