Architectural Marvel That Is Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus at Mumbai

Mumbai is an ideal destination for spending a holiday in Maharashtra. It is the capital city of the state and there are a number of popular tourist attractions here. CST or Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, which was previously named Victoria Terminus, is the railway station of this place and headquarters of Indian Central Railways. It is a World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO and a prominent place of historical interest. The structure, located in the Bori Bunder locality of the city, was constructed in the year 1887 for the commemoration of the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. The name of the station was changed to the present one in the month of March in the year 1996. People from different parts of the world come to this city to behold and discover the quaint beauty of this ancient railway station. It serves as a terminal for trains of Mumbai Suburban Railway, both for commuters as well as long-distance travellers. There are 18 platforms in the station, 11 for long routes and 7 for local ones.


Exquisite Architecture of CST


Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

The edifice features an exquisite blend of Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival design and Mughal architecture, and it was designed by famous architect Frederick William Stevens.

Frederick William Stevens

Frederick William Stevens

The eccentric ground plan, pointed arches, turrets and skyline in the structure hint towards the influence of traditional Indian architectural design. Students of the famous art school – Sir Jamsetjee Jeejebhoy School of Art designed the intricate wooden carvings, brass and ornamental railings, tiles, grills, and balustrades for the staircase. The construction of CST was done by applying high level of civil as well as railway engineering. It is a unique and possibly the finest implementation of Gothic Revival Style and the technology of the industrial revolution. One of the main architectural highlights of this building is the central dome, which features a platform over 320 feet long. This platform is connected to a train shed, which is more than 1200 feet long. The dome of the station has dovetailed ribs and has been built without centering.


The interiors feature a series of large halls, which have high ceilings. The building has a C-shaped symmetrical plan and features a utilitarian design. The focal point of the building is the high central dome, which has an octagonal shape and ribbed structure. This dome has a colossal female sculpture holding a spoke wheel in her left hand and a torch in her right hand pointing it upwards.

Female sculpture atop CST

Female sculpture atop CST

This sculpture symbolizes progress and is one of the most popular architectural highlights of the CST. Wings on the side are anchored by turrets and enclose the courtyard opening to the street. The building has a façade, which appears like rows of arches and windows aligned in proportion. The statuary, friezes and bas-relief ornaments render exuberance in the appearance of the structure. The entrance gates have columns, which are crowned by symbolic structures, such as a sculpture of lion represents Great Britain and that of a tiger represents India. The main building as been constructed using a blend of Indian limestone and sandstone, while rich in quality Italian marble has been used for decorative elements. Maharashtra holidays are incomplete without a visit to this mesmeric historical site.


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