Maharashtra is the state where once some of the most crucial combats in Indian history were fought. Origin of the land dates back to the 3rd century BC, but the most significant chapters that defined the legacy of this state, occurred during the 16th to 18th centuries. The phase of socio-political uplifting of this land came under the rule of Shivaji Bhosale (Chattrapati Shivaji) – the great warrior. He established the Maratha kingdom at this place during the 16th century and helped in promoting ancient Hindu traditions in different parts of the state. After the demise of the legend, his empire was carried further by Peshwas and other rulers of the region, who took part in several revolutions against British empire during the 17th and 18th centuries. After the third Anglo-Maratha war, the Maratha empire was disintegrated and British East India company rose to power in almost all regions of the nation. The kingdom was lost, but the state still pays homage to their gallant combatant, Shivaji, along with his entire realm. Several structures have been created in recent times that pay tribute to the bravery of these warriors. Tourists on Maharashtra holidays can explore these sites, which are located in several cities of the region.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (website: http://csmvs.in/)is among the chief museums of the country that exhibit a large assortment of ancient antiquities and conventional art forms from all over the world. It is located at Mahatma Gandhi Road of Fort district in the city of Mumbai. The building was formerly known as Prince of Wales Museum for it was erected in the early 19th century to respect the prince during his visit to the area. It was later renamed to commemorate the heroic legend of Maharashtra. This complex has been accorded the prestigious 2010 UNESCO Asia-Pacific Award for preserving cultural heritage.
The relics inside are categorised into three sections – Natural History, Arts and Archaeology. Artefacts from Indus Valley Civilisation to the dynasties of Mauryas, Chalukyas, Guptas and Rashtrakutas are on display. Visitors can see an assemblage of paintings, murals, ornaments, statues, utensils, coins and weaponry belonging to the erstwhile period. Several foreign dignitaries have also gifted souvenirs of their countries to this museum. In recent times, a few rooms have been established inside the complex to host seminars and conferences, which attract researchers from all over the globe. Institutional trips are also held on a regular basis to create awareness among scholars about the rich heritage of the state and country.
The museum remains open on all days and timings of visit vary as on Mondays, it is open from 10:15 am – 05:30 pm and from Tuesdays to Sundays, timings are 10:15 am – 06:00 pm.
A trip to this place provides a deep insight about the age-old traditions and culture of the world. After exploring the place, tourists can also visit the shop inside the complex that houses various arts and crafts along with products of home decor and a good selection of miscellaneous books. Travelers on Mumbai vacation will find this place worth visiting as the exclusive artefacts displayed inside are quite rare.