Kerala is a breathtakingly, beautiful tourist destination that is flocked by tourists from across the globe. Known for its scenic backwaters, serene beaches, picturesque hill stations, lush greenery and seafood, this state located in the southern part of India is an ideal retreat for holidaymakers and honeymooners. Alike other states of the country, this region also has a unique culture, lifestyle and rich history. Home to verdant tea gardens, coconut palms and several parks and sanctuaries, this place boasts of a rich flora and fauna. Many tourists, who plan their vacations, come to this destination as it is considered to be one of the best places to spend India holidays. Some of the top attractions of this state are the hill station of Munnar, backwaters of Kumarakom, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Wayanad and Kovalam Beach.
History of the Place
The history of this region can be traced back to thousands of years to the time of Stone Age. Historians believed that the pictorial writings that can be found in the caves of Edakkal date back to 5000 BC. They believe that as early as 3000 BC, this region had become a major spice trade hub, with connection to Mediterranean and Red Sea ports in the Arabian Sea. In those times, the ports of Kerala were the busiest in the world, in terms of trade and travel. The region was named Kerala can be ascertained from the rock inscription that was left by the Ashoka, the great Mauryan emperor. During, his time, it was known as Keralaputra, one among the four kingdoms of South India, namely the Satiyaputras, Pandyas and Cholas. These kingdoms shared a commonality in terms of language and culture.
Adi Shankara was born in the 8th century in the central part of the state and is known to have traveled across Asia and established many institutions based on the philosophy of Advaita Vedanta. The contact with European countries started in 1948, after Vasco Da Gama visited here. Thereafter, it was under several colonial rulers, with the last being the British. After India got its freedom from the British East India Company, Kerala was formed, but only in 1956, after the Kasaragod taluk, Malabar district and state of Cochin-Travancore were joined together. Since that time, the state has never looked back and has developed itself as a prosperous state, in terms of education, welfare and infrastructure.
Those who are interested in knowing more about the history of this region can visit the prominent historical structures, such as Gundert Bunglow, Koder House, Jewish Synagogue, Bekal Fort and Krishnapuram Palace.
In addition to these, they can visit the famous museums, including Archeological Museum, Bay Island Drift Museum and Government Museum. To explore the history of this region, plan a tour to this scenic place by opting for tour packages to Kerala, on offer by travel portals and travel agencies.