The north-eastern part of India, also called the Land of the Seven Sister States, comprises the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland. Always slated to be the laggards among all the states and considered somewhat alienated from the mainstream India in the past, the process of development and integration of these with the mainstream India was consciously undertaken by the government. Key elements of this integration and involvement process was the all round development of the whole region and facilitating increased cooperation and interaction among the people from these states with those of the other states. Emphasis was laid on development of transportation, industry, educational and medical facilities in this region, on par with the best of India. The residents of these states were encouraged to study in schools and colleges of other states, market their products and produce and showcase their cultural elements with government and private support. Travel and tourism is one of the sectors which are expected to play a major role in the development and integration process of these states.
The whole of the north-eastern remains largely a virgin and unexplored region of the country. Though it is blessed with varied geographical features including the rives, mountains, plains and lots of natural flora and fauna along with a number of historical and religious places of interest, the full tourism potential is yet to be exploited. The region has many exotic species of plants, trees and animals which are peculiar to this part of the world only and are not found anywhere else on this planet. Many wonderful landscapes also hold immense potential for being developed as tourist attractions for secluded honeymoon holidays as well as for group and family vacations.
Due to its rather unexplored state and natural habitations, the government has established quite a few national parks and wild life sanctuaries for the conservation, preservation and protection of the species and natural habitats of the region. These are one of the must see attractions of the region and the wild life adventure enthusiasts find these extremely absorbing. India holidays to this part of the country are incomplete without a wildlife sojourn.
- Namdapha National Park: This is one of the largest protected wildlife areas in India and the largest of the north-east India, spread out to about 1985 square kilometers.
The Namadhapa Tiger Reserve is spread out in about 1900 square kilometers of the area. Together, in these two regions, one can find more than 150 species of trees and species of felines, primates, birds and reptiles.
- Manas National Park: This national park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Barapeta district of Assam. Tens of species of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians are some of the common species found here. This place is also a sanctuary for the Elephant and a Biosphere Reserve.
- Kaziranga National Park: Famous for holding the largest population of the one-horned Rhino, this National Park is along the banks of River Brahmaputra in Assam also has a number of animal and bird species.
- Orang National Park: Orang is also in the state of Assam and situated along the northern banks of River Brahamputra. It is often called as Mini Kaziranga and is home to Bengal Florican.
- Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary: This wildlife sanctuary also a sizeable population of one-horned Rhinoceros, Asian buffalo, leopard and migratory bird. This place is a heaven for bird lovers.
- Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary: This woodland area is in Tripura and it also has artificial lakes and botanical and zoological gardens. Bespectacled money can be seen here along with a number of other species of birds and animals.
- Keibul Lamjoa National Park: This is located in the Manipur state of India, with Loktak Lake also coming within its periphery.
Culture and Heritage
Some of the main heritage attractions of the states include the Malinithan temple ruins, Parsuram Kund and World War II Cemetery of Arunachal Pradesh.
In Nagaland, there is Touphema Tourist Village where tourists can see the Naga way of life. The Hornbill Festival of this state is also famous. In Tripura, there are quite a few temples and palaces to be seen. These include Ujjanta Palace, Neermahal Palace, Maata Bari Temple and others. The monasteries of Sikkim are quite popular as well since these are one of the oldest religious places of this region.
Adventure and Leisure
While in Arunanchal Pradesh, you can undertake rafting in Brahmaputra, Kameng and Subansari rivers. Loktak is the most famous water body and a tourist spot in Manipur where people come to spend time in leisure and complete serenity of nature. In Manipur, the Dzukou Valley is a famous trekking spot. In Mizoram, the Tamdil Lake is famed as a top fishing spot and the Vantawng Fall is the highest waterfall in the State. Phawngpui is the highest peak and trekking is the most loved sport here.