Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a cluster of 572 rocks and islets situated in the Bay of Bengal. Baratang, Middle, North, South and Little Andaman are some of the large islands of this archipelago with Indira Point to its north and Landfall Island towards the extreme south. This archipelago, of which only 36 islands are inhabited, is located in proximity to countries like Thailand, Myanmar and Indonesia. With verdant forests and serene seacoasts, this place is definitely a paradise for holidaymakers. The landscape, being dominated by azure waters and hilly terrains, provides a great opportunity for several adventure activities like scuba diving, snorkeling, camping and trekking. However, travelers opting for various Andaman and Nicobar tour packages should keep in mind that the islands forming the Nicobar group remain out of bounds for them.
The Tribal Population
The two groups – Andaman and Nicobar – are separated by the Ten Degree Channel, which is around 150 km wide. The former is inhabited by the people of Negrito origin, which comprises four different tribes, namely Onges, Jarawas, Great Andamanese and Sentinelese. On the other hand, the latter is home to people of Mongloid ethnicity that consists of Nicobarese and Shompens tribes. People belonging to many other religions like Hindus, Muslims, Buddhists, Sikhs and Christians also form an important part of both these groups. This portrays that the place is a cultural mix of different racial and religious faiths.
Rich in natural resources
The region abounds in dense forests that are set aside for national parks, tiger reserves and wildlife sanctuaries. Besides the evergreen forest area, the place boasts of rich natural resources that have been preserved by setting up tourist sites, such as Fisheries, Forest and Anthropological Museum, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park and Samudrika.
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is situated in the small fishing village of Wandoor, which lies in proximity to Port Blair – the capital of the archipelago. The park is built by combining 15 large and small islets and open sea creeks, of which only Jolly Buoy and Red Skin are open to visitors. It came into existence under the Wildlife Protection Act, so as to preserve endangered sea creatures like ocean turtles and corals.
Various coral reef fish, such as clown, surgeon, butterfly, angel, bat, parrot and grouper, can be seen here. In addition to marine species, the park also inhabits birds like parakeet, white-bellied sea eagle, heron, tern, Andaman teal, swift and wader. Besides exploring the underwater life, tourists can indulge in water sports like scuba diving and snorkeling at this site to add to their fascinating experience.
Travelers planning a visit to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands can choose from travel packages in India that are offered by different travel portals. Most of these packages include a trip to this aquatic park in their travel itinerary for an unforgettable experience. However, while planning their tour, travelers must make a note that the best time to visit this spot is from October to February.