Agra, a city in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, served as the capital of the country during medieval times. Formerly known as Agraban, the city is mentioned as Agreva, meaning border of the forest in the ancient epic, Mahabharata. This place has a great architectural heritage, including three UNESCO World Heritage sites – Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri and Agra Fort. Owing to their magnificence and exquisite beauty, these sites are visited by millions of domestic and foreign travellers throughout the year. Apart from these, there are many other attractions in and around this city, such as Tomb of Itmad-ud-Daulah, Mehtab Bagh, Chini Ka Rauza, Ram Bagh, Mariyam Tomb, Musammam Burj, Jama Masjid and Mankameshwar Temple that are flocked by tourists. Travellers interested in Agra tours can plan it either with a leading travel website or travel agency. The tour packages on offer for this destination include a guided tour of this city, besides hotel accommodation and food.
A part of Brijbhoomi, the land identified with the birth of Lord Krishna, this city has a rich history as many emperors made it their seat of power. It was the capital of Sikander Lodhi, the last ruler of the Lodhi dynasty, who was defeated by Babur, a Persian ruler, in the First Battle of Panipat (1526). Babur also made this place his capital, and hence began the great Mughal rule in India. A delight for history lovers, a tour to this place can be equally exciting for leisure travellers, as well.
Chini Ka Rauza
Chini Ka Rauza is a tomb of a scholar and poet in the court of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, called Allama Afzal Khan Mullah. Built in 1639, the tomb is in proximity to the Itmad-Ud-Daulah Tomb on the bank of the Yamuna River. A blend of Indo-Persian architecture, this structure has an elaborate ornamentation of colourful glazed tiles or chini, used for the first time in India.
Rectangular in shape, the outside walls of this tomb are mainly constructed of brown stone. Each side of this building is around 79 ft in length, and the walls are adorned with inscriptions from Islamic texts. Moving inside, tourists can see an octagonal central chamber with eight arched corners, consisting four square openings and four pentagonal arches in all four directions. The upper part of this structure has been so built to give a double-storey effect to the tomb building. The hollow dome on the tomb has a kalash and an inverted lotus on its top, and pinnacles on all four corners that give this grand tomb a unique look.
The historic value and exceptional architecture of this place makes it one of the most-visited sites in Agra. Travellers interested to come here can look for those holiday packages India that offer a trip to this amazing destination.